304 is the most widely used grade of all the stainless steels.

It is preferred for its good corrosion and thermal resistance, sufficient mechanical properties in normal environments, strength at tempratures below 700°C, good formability, good forgeability and excellent weldability.

Machinability is average with the right tools. For detailed processes 303 grade must be preferred.

Heat resistance is up to 700°C, other heat resistant grades must be preferred for higher degrees.

304 grade is in austenitic family and it is available in all of the stainless steel forms and shapes. It is the optimal grade for standard applications.With its availability, and optimal performance in standard conditions, 304 grade has a well deserved fame in Austenitic family.

When you consider the aesthetical apperance, polishability, cold forming capability, good mechanical properties, good corrosion resistance and excellent weldability, 304 grade is a natural leader in Austenitic Family with its price / performance ratio.

Available forms: Round Bars, Flat Bars, Hexagon Bars, Square Bars, Angles, Wires, Special Profiles, Coils, Sheets, Strips, Welded Tubes, Seamless Tubes, Profiles, , Fittings.

Chemical Analysis

Chemical Analysis)
(in %) according to EN 10151

Element % Present
Carbon (C) 0.05 to 0.15
Silicon (Si) 2.00
Manganese (Mn) 2.00
Phosphurous (P) 0.045
Sulfur (S) 0.015
Nitrogen (N) 0.10
Chromium (Cr) 16.0 to 19.0
Molybdenum (Mo) 0.80
Nickel (Ni) 6.0 to 9.5

Mechanical Properties According to EN 10151

Edging possibilities (r/t) for thickness in mm at an angle of 90°

Rod Across / Along the Grain
Thickness > 0.05 to 0.25mm > 0.25 to 0.50mm > 0.50 to 0.75mm > 0.75 to 1.00mm
Tensile Strength Across Along Across Along Across Along Across Along
1150 – 1300 ≤ 0.5 ≤ 2.5 ≤ 1.0 ≤ 3.0 ≤ 2.0 ≤ 4.0 ≤ 2.5 ≤ 5.0
1300 – 1500 ≤ 1.5 ≤ 3.0 ≤ 2.0 ≤ 4.0 ≤ 2.5 ≤ 5.0 ≤ 3.0 ≤ 7.0
1500 – 1700 ≤ 2.0 ≤ 4.5 ≤ 2.5 ≤ 5.0 ≤ 3.0 ≤ 7.0 ≤ 3.5 ≤ 9.5
1700 – 1900 ≤ 2.5 ≤ 9.0 ≤ 3.0 ≤ 9.5 ≤ 3.5 ≤ 11.0

Minimum Elongation A80% at different tensile strengths

Tensile Strength A80%
+C1150 15
+C1300 10
+C1500 5
+C1700 2
+C1900 1

E-modulus in GPa (Gigapascal) at room temperature

Delivery Condition
Tensile Strength (in MPa) Cold Rolled Cold Rolled and Heat Treated
approx. 1800 185 195
approx. 1300 179 189

Usage Areas

  • Household appliances, kitchen tools, cutlery
  • Automobile components
  • Food and beverage industry
  • Decorative items
  • Building materials
  • Chemical industry
  • Textile industry
  • Medical equipments
  • Electronic equipments
  • Petrochemical industry